we are talking about burns severity, the size of injury
is not the only thing that matters.
There are several factors that can tell you how severe
your burn is. The main factors are:
1.How deep is your burn
2.How much skin was burned
3.The part of the body where the skin was burned
5.Smoke inhalation / Burns of the airways and lungs
6.Your health before the burn.
In your daily activities, you frequently use your hands
and you stand on your feet. The face is an important part
of human communication, and has important features like
the eyes, the nose and the mouth.
Some parts of our body are more important than the others,
because they have special functions. These areas are:
face, neck, hands, wrists, elbows, feet, ankles,
knees, and the down below (perineum).
When one of these
areas sustains a burn injury, healing, recovery and regaining
function is a complex process and needs a lot of effort
from the patient and the medical team.
For example a 4%
burn on the back is fairly straight forward as long as
it is not too deep. It will be less severe than a 4% burn
involving both hands, because the hands have very complex
During the healing period, if you present with burns on
hands, you will be very dependent on nursing and therapy
staff. It is important for long term function that hand
burns are treated carefully.
A 4% shallow burn
to the face may cause a lot of swelling, you may not see
properly for a few days and your lips might get bigger.
You will depend a lot on nursing staff to help you with
If you have sustained
a deep burn to your face, the healed scars will significantly
influence your life. Psychological support might be required.
Age is another factor that will influence the severity
of the burn. Babies and small children as well as elderly
people are at higher risk of problems.
5. Severity of a burn increases if there
is a possibility of smoke inhalation which can cause breathing
In this situation,
the patient needs close monitoring of his breathing and
will be treated in a high dependency area of a Burn Centre.
Sometimes we need to help his/her breathing with a tube
through his/her nose or mouth while the patient is sedated
and will be put on a breathing machine till his breathing
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