General data about burn



>> WHAT CAN CAUSE A BURN?

WHAT CAN CAUSE A BURN INJURY IN CHILDREN?

Children are more prone to scald injuries with hot liquids such as hot water, milk, tea, coffee.

Water temperature
Time required for a deep burn
68ºC (155ºF)
1 second
64ºC (148ºF)
2 seconds
60ºC (140ºF)
5 seconds
56ºC (133ºF)
15 seconds
52ºC (127ºF)
1 minute
51ºC (124ºF)
3 minutes
48ºC (120ºF)
5 minutes
100ºF (37ºC)
Safe temperature for bathing
 

SCALDS - HOW TO PREVENT IT?

 

Do not allow young children in the kitchen unless they are supervised.

Do not leave the kettle on unattended.

Use a kettle with short or curled flex.

Do not leave an unattended child close to a boiling kettle.

Keep your kettle as far as possible from the edge of your kitchen worktops.


Do not allow young children in the kitchen unless they are supervised.

Never drink tea or coffee while you are holding a baby or a young child.

Keep hot drinks out of reach of a baby or young child.


Do not leave babies unattended in the bathroom.

Have your bathroom fitted with a thermostatic mixing tap valve to avoid scalds of your

child from the hot water.

Always put cold water first in the bath and then add hot water.

Test the temperature of the bath before you bathe your child.


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WHAT COULD HAPPEN IF...?

CONTACT - HOW TO PREVENT IT?

Crawling babies, toddlers and young children are prone to touch or even walk on hot surfaces.

Do not allow young children in the kitchen unless they are supervised.

Do not leave an unattended child close to a hob while is still hot.

Do not put crawling babies on the kitchen work top while the hob is warm.

 

 

Do not leave a hot iron within easy reach of babies or young children.

 

 

 


Leave enough space between a radiator and other pieces of furniture so a child can pass through.

 

 

Install a guard to create a barrier in front of the glass panel of a fire.

Take notice of warning labels on the units and the ignition switches describing the high glass temperature.

Read any burn prevention information distributed with the owners manual.

 

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WHAT COULD HAPPEN IF...?

FLAME BURNS - HOW TO PREVENT IT?

 

Do not leave babies and small children playing unattended.

Do not leave matches or lighters within easy reach of the children.

 

School children must be educated about the risk of handling inflammable fluids, fireworks and matches.

Keep inflammable fluids out of reach of children.

 

CHEMICAL BURNS - HOW TO PREVENT IT?


Keep household chemicals out of reach of children.

Keep toxic cleaning substances locked away.

Keep cleaning chemicals in the original container.

 



ELECTRICAL BURNS - HOW TO PREVENT IT?


Do not leave small children playing unattended.

Keep electrical cables hidden from small children.

 

Unplug unnecessary electrical appliances.

Protect unused sockets with socket covers.

 

 

 

School education of children.

Keep children away from high voltage electricity sources (railways, electricity substations, pylons).

 


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WHAT COULD HAPPEN IF...?

WHAT CAN CAUSE A BURN INJURY IN ADULTS?

CAUSES OF BURN and SCALD IN ADULTS in less than 1 second


                       Deep frying                    260ºC (500ºF)

                         Baking                         204ºC (400ºF)

                         Frying                          148ºC (300ºF)

                         Boiling                         100ºC (212ºF)

                  Electric Crock Pot                 93ºC (200ºF)

                     Hot Beverages                 71-82ºC (160-180ºF )

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SCALDS - HOW TO PREVENT IT?


Use a tray to carry mugs with hot fluids.

Check the temperature of the cup before you take it in your hands.

Elderly people or those with disabilities should avoid transferring a heavy pan with hot food.

Do not grab and pull a pot handle.

A tray in the lap prevents burns from hot foods if someone is unsteady or shaky.


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WHAT COULD HAPPEN IF...?


BURNS DUE TO CONTACT WITH HOT SURFACES - HOW TO PREVENT IT?

 


Protect radiators and fire places in places where elderly people and people with

epilepsy are present.


Patients with epilepsy may have a fit and fall onto the radiator or fire place.


Elderly patients who live alone may collapse onto radiator or fire place.

 

 

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WHAT COULD HAPPEN IF...?



FLAME BURNS - HOW TO PREVENT IT?

 

Do not leave a chip pan unattended on the hob.

Don't drink and fry!

Check the hob before you leave the house or go to bed.

Install a smoke detector in your house and change the battery regularly.

 

 

Collect your rubbish and take it to collection centres.

Do not use accelerant (petrol, paraffin, white spirit) to start a fire.

Dispose of aerosol cans separately, not in the fire.

 

 

 

 

Smoke only in designated places.

Do not throw cigarette ends away while still lit.

Install smoke detectors in rooms where smoking is not permitted.

 

 

Safety measures in the house.

Proper earthing of electrical appliances.

Do not overload electrical sockets.

Do not put cables under the carpets or doors.

 

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WHAT COULD HAPPEN IF...?

CHEMICAL BURNS - HOW TO PREVENT IT?


Do not keep bottles with toxic, caustic/corrosive substances in the house.

 

Do keep containers with toxic, corrosive/caustic substances with the original label

or carefully label the new container.

 

 

 

 

 

Wear protective clothing when you are doing DIY jobs that involve cement.

If cement comes into contact with your skin, brush it off as soon as possible if it is

still a dry powder.

Wash thoroughly for at least half an hour under running water.

 


Remove clothing.

Try to remove as much as possible of a spilled substance with running water.

 

Safety measures must be in place and respected.

Adequate training of employees about emergency plans.

Regular check-ups of safety measure implementation.

Emergency plans implemented rigorously.

If an accident occurs, remove clothing and shower till the ambulance is arriving.

If a chemical accident occurs, the hospital should be advised about the nature of

the chemical(s) involved in the incident as soon as possible..

 

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WHAT COULD HAPPEN IF...?


Cause of revenge throwing acid onto a man / female.

Petrol and other organic components in contact with the skin.

 

 

ELECTRICAL BURNS - HOW TO PREVENT IT?

 

Hire a qualified electrician.

Unplug or turn off the power before attempting electrical work.

Appliances to be earthed when recommended by the manufacturer.

Use proper tools.

Do not leave appliance cables hanging in wet areas.

Follow the safety measures written on each electrical appliance.

 

Adequate training of employees with regular assessment of their knowledge.

Following the safety measures stated for each risk area.

Protective equipment used at all times when required.

 

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WHAT COULD HAPPEN IF...?

WHAT DO I NEED TO KNOW ABOUT ELECTRICAL BURNS?


If you have sustained an electrical burn from a power line, you should go to hospital as soon as you can.


Electrical accidents can cause serious injuries inside your body even if your skin looks normal. You might see a tiny wound in the areas where the electrical current entered in your body. Another tiny wound will show where the current came out from your body.


Electrical current travels inside your body through nerves and vessels and can cross the heart, causing trouble with the rhythm. Sometimes, the muscles of the arms and legs can be damaged if the current passed through that part of the body.

 

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WHAT DO I NEED TO KNOW ABOUT CHEMICAL BURNS?


A chemical burn can be caused by an acid (sulphuric acid, hydrofluoric acid, hydrochloric acid) or a caustic / corrosive alkali (lime, caustic soda).


Whatever the cause of a chemical burn, you should wash the area with running cold water for as long as you can. Take off any clothes that have spillage on them. Do not try to put anything on the burned area other than water, because it might cause a chemical reaction and could make the burn worse.

You need to go to the nearest hospital and bring the bottle or the clothes with you or inform the doctor if you know what substance caused your burns.

If the areas that came in contact with the chemicals are large, showering is advisable but be aware that showering with cold water can cause shivering and you will lose heat from your body.

 

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